Future perfect

Futur II

The future tense Futur II is used to express actions that will be already done in the future.

Building sentences in the Futur II tense

Subjekt + werden + ... + Partizip II + haben/sein

The subject (Subjekt) is the person or thing performing the action, followed by the auxiliary verb werden (in present tense, conjugated for person), and then at the end of the sentence, the past participle (Partizip II) with one of the auxiliary verbs (haben/sein).

Conjugation of the auxiliary verb werden for person in the present tense
Person werden
ich werde
du wirst
er/sie/es wird
wir werden
ihr werdet
sie/Sie werden

Examples of using the Futur II tense

  • Translation
  • By nine the plane will have departed / flown away.
  • Explanation
  • At nine the plane will have been gone for sure (because it will have flown away earlier).
  • Translation
  • By tomorrow they will have made a decision.
  • Translation
  • If we don't start to operate immediately, the patient will not have been able to walk tomorrow.
  • Explanation
  • If there is a modal verb in a sentence then 3 infinitives are placed at the end of the sentence: an infinitive of the auxiliary verb haben, an infinitive of the verb (in this example laufen), and an infinitive of the modal verb (in this example können). It is a very rare construction.